Ethiopia

Basic Facts

Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Principal Languages: Amharic
Literacy Rate: 29% (2007 UNESCO) Area: 1,112,000 Square Kilometers
Location: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
Capital: Addis Ababa
Climate: Tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Population: 82,544,840 (July 2008 EST.)
Ethnic Make-up: Oromo 32.1%, Amara 30.1%, Tigraway 6.2%, Somalie 5.9%, Guragie 4.3%, Sidama 3.5%, Welaita 2.4%, other 15.4%
Religions: Christian 60.8% (Orthodox 50.6%, Protestant 10.2%), Muslim 32.8%, traditional 4.6%, other 1.8% (1994 census)

Ethiopia is a land of wonder and enchantment, a country with one of the richest histories not only on the African continent, but also in the world, a land of contrasts and surprises, of remote and wild places, home to cultured and friendly people who are descended from some of the world’s oldest civilizations.It is the mother of civilization and the cradle land of man kind.

This is a land of fabled queen of Sheba, home of the ark of the covenant, the birth place of coffee. ‘Lucy’, the world’s oldest known almost – complete hominid skeleton, more than three million years old, was discovered here.

Ethiopia has so much to offer visitors; the historic route, covering the ancient town of Axum, with its amazing carved obelisks, Christian festivals and relics, including the ark of the covenant; Gondar, with its castles and palaces; Lalibela, with its remarkable rock hewn churches; and the walled muslim city of Harar. At Dire Dawa you can see cave paintings considered to be thousands of years old.

Lake Tana, source of the blue Nile, is the largest lake with 37 islands, the great rift valley lakes, many with national parks, is a home to a wealth of bird and animal life. The high, rugged, Simien mountains in the north and Bale mountains in the south east are also home to unique wildlife and rich flora, and are ideal for trekking, whilst some of Ethiopia’s fast flowing rivers are becoming famous for white water rafting.

There are nine national parks and four sanctuaries where 277 species of wild life and more than 850 species of birds can be seen. The Simien mountains national park is registered by UNESCO as a world heritage site and is home to three endemic mammals, Walia Ibex (mountain goat), Gelada baboon and Semien fox. Ras Dashen, the fourth highest peak in Africa with an altitude of 4,620 metres, is also located within the park.

Other national parks in Ethiopia include Bale mountains and Abijatta-shalla in Oromia, Nech sar, Mago and Omo national parks in the south of Yangudi Rasa in Afar, Gambella national park in Gambella, as well as Awash in both Oromia and Afar regions. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s friendly and safe capital city, has so much to offer, too, with its first class hotels and restaurants, museums and palaces, and good shopping, which includes the Mercato – Africa’s largest open air market. Ethiopia is a mosaic of people with more than 80 languages, different lifestyles, costumes and cultural dances. People’s livelihoods vary from hunter- gatherers, nomads and farmers to factory workers, business people and academicians.

Ethiopia has been called ‘the land of a thousand smiles’. Visit us and you can be sure of a great welcome, a memorable holiday, and the experience of a lifetime.
gorilla safari Rwanda
10 Days Best of Ethiopia Tour
Day 1: Addis Ababa Arrive at Addis Ababa and transfer to the hotel then drive in Addis Ababa for an afternoon city tour. On a panoramic tour of Addis Ababa, visit the national museum, different statues and monuments in town as part of the city tour. Overnight at your Hotel. Read More
12 Days Ethiopian Historic and Cultural Tour
12 Days Ethiopian Historic and Cultural Tour
Day 1: Arrival in Addis Ababa Upon arrival in Addis Ababa you are met and transferred to your hotel. This evening, join your Tour guide for a welcome dinner. Overnight at Selected Hotel Day 2: Addis Ababa Visit to Addis Ababa capital city to view its treasures Read More
7 Days Danakil Depression Tour
7 Days Danakil Depression Tour
Day 1: Arrive at Addis Ababa Upon arrival in Addis Ababa you are met and transferred to your hotel. City tour will be arranged depending on your arrival time. This evening, join your Tour guide for a welcome dinner. Overnight at your selected Hotel Read More
7 Days Danakil Depression Tour
12 Days Historical route tour
Day 1: Arrival in Addis Ababa Arrive in Addis Ababa, perhaps from your pre-tour extension. On arrival our representative meets and transfers you to your iconic hotel. Day 2: Addis-Markos This morning after breakfast, drive to Markos with En route visit of Debre Libanos Monastery. Read More
7 Days Danakil Depression Tour
10 Days Ethiopian Cultural Tour to Omo valley
Day 1: Arrival in Addis Ababa Arrival in Addis Ababa and transfer to your hotel. Depending on your arrival time make sightseeing in Addis Ababa including the national museum, Trinity cathedral church and Entoto hills Day 2: Arbaminch Transfer to airport to fly to Arbaminch. Meet the guide and vehicle at the airport and transfer to your hotel. Read More
Accommodation in Ethiopia