Major towns and cities in Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

It is the capital and largest city in Ethiopia, with a population of 3,384,569 according to the 2007 population census. The city is populated by people from different regions of Ethiopia. It is a home to African Union and the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. It also hosts other continental and international organization.


The city is situated in the northern Tigray Region of Ethiopia around 780 kilometers north of the capital Addis Ababa. The population of Mekele was estimated at 215546 according to the GeoNames geographical database. The city is an economic, cultural, and political hub in the Northern region of the country. It is well known for its Martyrs’ Memorial Monument commemorating the war against the Derg.

Dire Dawa

This city is an industrial centre, home to several markets, the Aba Tenna Dejazmach Yilma International Airport and it lies in the eastern part of the nation. It is the second largest city in Ethiopia located on the Dechatu River, at the foot of a ring of cliffs.


Gonder is a city in Ethiopia located in the Semien Gondar Zone of the Amhara Region. Gondar is north of Tana Lake on the Lesser Angereb River and southwest of the Simien Mountains. It served as the capital of both the Ethiopian Empire and the subsequent Begemder Province. The city holds the remains of several royal castles, including those in Fasil Ghebbi, for which Gondar has been called the “Camelot of Africa”


It is a city in Ethiopia located 270 km south of Addis Ababa via Debre Zeit, on the shores of Lake Awasa in the Great Rift Valley. Awassa was capital of the former Sidamo Province from about 1978 until the province was abolished with the adoption of the 1995 Constitution. This city is home to Hawassa University, Awasa Adventist College, a major market Awasa Airport, the St. Gabriel Church and the Awassa Kenema Stadium.

Bahir Dar

It is a city in north-western Ethiopia and the capital of the Amhara Region. Bahir Dar is one of the leading tourist destinations in Ethiopia, with a variety of attractions in the nearby Lake Tana and Blue Nile River. The city is known for its wide avenues lined with palm trees and a variety of colorful flowers. In 2002 it was awarded the UNESCO Cities for Peace Prize for addressing the challenges of rapid urbanization.


It is the largest city in southwestern Ethiopia. The national 1994 census reported this town had a total population of 88,867, of whom 43,874 were men and 44,993 were women. The town was the capital of Kaffa Province until the province was dissolved. The city is home to a museum, Jimma Research Center, founded in 1968, which is run by the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma University, several markets, and an airport.

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